The "road map" peace plan presented to Palestinian and Israeli leaders is the latest effort to stop violence that erupted in September 2000. Other attempts included:
Oct. 20, 2000: truce brokered by President Clinton collapses in gunfire.
April 16, 2001: Egypt and Jordan jointly propose plan for truce and speedy resumption of peace talks. Israeli and Palestinian officials rebuff it.
April 30: International committee led by former U.S. Sen. George Mitchell publishes recommendations for cease-fire and implementing confidence-building measures as prelude to resuming peace negotiations.
June 2: Cease-fire is declared by Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat at urging of German Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer after suicide bomber kills 21 young people at Tel Aviv disco. It fails to take hold.
During June: CIA director George Tenet spends days shuttling between the sides, ultimately devising detailed procedure for implementing Mitchell plan.
June 27: With Tenet agreement teetering, Secretary of State Colin Powell arrives in region but fails to secure cease-fire.
Sept. 26: Arafat and Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres reach cease-fire agreement, but Palestinian radicals assassinate Israeli Cabinet minister three weeks later and Israel launches massive foray into Palestinian territory.