CAIRO (USA TODAY) - At least 30 people were killed Friday in Egypt as gunfire and
running battles erupted in several cities during a day of protests called by
Islamists angered by the military ouster of President Mohammed Morsi.
At least 12 deaths were reported in clashes In Alexandria, the country's
second largest city, after Islamists opened fire on a rally of Morsi opponents,
a medical services official told the Associated Press. Police sided with Morsi
protesters in the Mediterranean coastal city.
More than 400 were reported injured nationwide, the Health Ministry said.
In Cairo, the bloodiest confrontation came as troops opened fire on
protesters outside the Republican Guards military barracks where the ousted
president is being held. A Health Ministry official told the Associated Press
that four people were killed.
Hundreds of demonstrators had marched to the site following afternoon
prayers, chanting, "After sunset, President Morsi will be back in the
Morsi, the country's first democratically elected president, was removed
from office two days ago by the military, which also ordered the suspension of
the constitution and parliament.
At nightfall, a crowd of Islamists surged across the October 6 Bridge over
the Nile River and clashed with Morsi opponents near Tahrir Square and outside
the state TV building. One witness reported gunfire and stone-throwing, and one
person was killed, said Khaled el-Khatib, of the Health Ministry.
Late Friday, military armored vehicles arrived on the bridge and outside the
TV station to stop the fighting, and Morsi supporters retreated.
Adham AbdelSalam, an Egyptian television and radio presenter, tweeted
reports and photos from Tahrir Square showing injured civilians and a bullet
casing in his hand.
"At #tahrir now... sounds of machine / automatic gun fire from pro
#morsi supporters shot at protesters now," AbdelSalam tweeted. "Live
from #tahrir... one more dead... by pro #morsi bullets."
As central Cairo descended into chaos Friday night, the country appeared to
severely lack leadership as security forces failed to protect citizens.
Police and military did not initially intervene in clashes that broke out
along the Nile, and security remained largely absent on streets across the
capital, except in strategic locations.
Helicopters flew over the capital as anti-Morsi demonstrators rallied in
Tahrir Square, which is not far from where clashes broke out and is several
miles away from Nasr City, where Morsi supporters gathered.
Clashes, some involving police, erupted in cities of southern Egypt, along
the Suez Canal and in the Nile Delta as Morsi supporters marched on local
Four, and possibly five, police officers were shot dead in the northern
Sinai city of el-Arish, where Islamists stormed the main government building,
authorities reported. One person was killed in the southern city of Assiut.
Late Friday, Egyptian authorities denied an earlier report by state
television that curfews had been imposed in the North Sinai towns of Sheikh
Zuweid and Rafah, which are on the border with Israel and the Gaza Strip.
In Cairo, there were conflicting reports regarding the shooting outside the
Republican Guards barracks. Journalists with several news organizations
reported seeing Egyptian troops open fire on the crowd, while Reuters quoted a
military spokesman as saying the army fired only blank rounds and tear gas at
the protesters, not live ammunition.
BBC reporter Jeremy Boven, who was hit above the ear
by shotgun pellets, said he saw the soldiers fire on the protesters.
Gehad El-Haddad, the spokesman for Muslim Brotherhood, said it was military
police nearby - not the Republican Guards - who opened fire. He said on a
Twitter post that he did not know whether the shots were fired "under
panic or by order."
The protests, called by Islamists as a "Friday of Rejection,"
broke out in several locations in the city, including Cairo University and in
front of state TV, as well as on the October 6 bridge.
In the midst of the violence, parliament was formally dissolved by interim
President Adly Mansour, who was appointed by the military.
The gunfire at the barracks broke out as marchers approached a barbed wire
barrier and one supporter hung a pro-Morsi sign.
Troops standing guard tore down the sign and warned the crowd to stay back.
A protester then hung a second sign and the soldiers opened fire on the crowd,
according to an AP photographer at the scene.
Several protesters fell bloodied to the ground. At least person one had a
gaping, bleeding exit wound in the back of his head.
Fellow protesters carried the body into a nearby building and covered his
head with a blanket, declaring him dead, according to AP Television News
Protesters pelted the line of troops
with stones, and the soldiers responded with volleys of tear gas.
Here's how the BBC reported
About 2,000 people had marched on the officers's club after
passionate Friday Prayers at the nearby Rabaa al-Adawiya Mosque. As the crowd
grew, got angrier and pushed forward, the troops opened fire - first into the
air, then at the crowd, our correspondent reports. He saw one man fall to the
ground with blood on his clothes. More people are arriving at the scene and
anger there is growing, he adds.
The military, which ousted Morsi,
had warned protesters against violent demonstrations.
The National Alliance in Support of
Electoral Legitimacy said it "feels rising public anger and the imminent
danger threatening the nation as a result of the unprecedented military coup
d'état against legitimacy derived from the will of the people and the January
In a statement, the alliance said "it affirmed its full and categorical
rejection of the military coup - against the President, the Constitution and
democratic legitimacy - and all consequent actions and effects."
Mohammed Badie, the supreme leader of the Muslim Brotherhood, spoke at a
rally near the Rabaa al-Adawiya Mosque in Cairo, and denied reports that he had
been arrested. He also said demonstrators were determined to oppose the
"We shall stay in the squares until we bring President Morsi back to
power," he told a cheering crowd.
In Nasr City in Cairo, Essam ElErian, deputy chairman of the Freedom and
Justice Party, which Morsi once headed, told a rally that "all of Egypt
says 'no' to military coup," Al Jazeera reported.
"The honor of the military forces has been violated by the coup,"
he said. "What kind of reconciliation can take place after people's voice
has been neglected? We will not accept such coup on elected government. We will
not cooperate with such rule."
In Cairo, Abdullah Alfkaharany, 23-year-old medical school graduate and
Muslim Brotherhood sympathizer who was in the streets, said opponents of Morsi
should have waited until his term was up, not remove him by force.
"The people in the street did not win the election. They take and they
blackmail and they fight to make some sort of military coup." he said.
Still, he suggested that most Egyptians simply want peace.
"We have 20 million people, and most of them just want peace," he
told USA TODAY. "But there are people on both sides. I have friends who
hate the Brotherhood and they are standing in front of tanks, and then others
like me who are against the coup."
The military leaders who brought down Morsi on Wednesday also ordered the
nation's parliament to be dissolved, suspended the constitution and installed
Mansour, head of the country's High Constitutional Court, as the interim
president until new elections are called.
Many at Friday's Islamist rally - several miles from Tahrir Square - said
the problem isn't just that Morsi was pushed from power. They are angry that
all of their votes over the past two years are now washed away with the
military's recent decisions.
"It's not about the Muslim Brotherhood, and Morsi," said Mohammad
El Taher, 34, a civil engineer. "It's about my vote."
"They are destroying democracy," he said.
As the country braced for the protests, the military had warned protesters
against any violence. The first major attack by militants, in Sinai, raised
fears that the Islamists' extreme fringe will turn to violent retaliation for
the toppling of Morsi.
Early Friday, masked gunmen used rockets, rocket-propelled grenades and
anti-aircraft guns to attack the airport in el-Arish, the provincial capital of
northern Sinai, as well as a security forces camp in Rafah on the border with
Gaza and five other military and police posts. At least one soldier was killed
in nearly four hours of clashes that ensued.
Some fear violence may escalate in the coming days, and there are threats of
Islamist retaliation, but organizers of Friday's pro-Morsi rallies called for
Nonetheless, Morsi's supporters were prepared for clashes: Men guarded the
borders of the protest wearing helmets and carrying sticks while volunteers
searched those entered.
"I want the peaceful road," said banker Hossam Abdel Gowab, 45,
holding an orange prayer mat. "I came here to protect my voice. ... We
wanted a democracy through the ballot box."
Islamist protesters insisted Morsi has constitutional legitimacy because he
was democratically elected in what was considered the country's first free and
fair election. They were furious over what they see view as a blatant attempt
by the military to thwart democracy.
Hard-line Islamist presidential candidate Hazem Salah Abu Ismail was
arrested at his home Friday and accused of inciting violence, Reuters reported,
citing security sources.
The political turmoil has sparked pockets of violence nationwide over the
past week, killing around 50. Clashes erupted again on Thursday between Morsi's
opponents and supporters, this time in Morsi's hometown, Zagazig, which is
located in the Nile Delta region. Dozens were injured.
Reports also said gunmen on Thursday attacked several police and military
outposts in Egypt's Sinai Peninsula - a massive chunk of land that borders
Israel and the Gaza Strip. Egypt's army announced a state of emergency in the
area Friday, state TV reported.
Some fear violence may escalate in the coming days, and there are threats of
Islamist retaliation. But organizers of Friday's pro-Morsi rallies are calling
for peaceful mobilization.
Islamists are furious over what they view as a blatant attempt to thwart
democracy. They say Morsi has constitutional legitimacy because he was
democratically elected in what was considered the country's first free and fair
At the Cairo mosque where Morsi supporters have gathered for nearly a week,
the mood was subdued on Thursday. Protesters said they won't budge until Morsi
comes back. Many are angry at what they view as international support for a
military coup, particularly from the United States.
"America supported the coup," said Hani Abu Nasser, an Arabic
teacher at an institute associated with Al-Azhar, a leading academic and
Islamic establishment. He said he thinks the U.S. is supporting Hosni Mubarak's
"discriminatory" regime to try to keep political Islam from
Muslim Brotherhood figures have been rounded up and arrested over the past
few days and some are barred from leaving the country, further infuriating
There is also concern among human rights groups over the effects of such
"A return to Mubarak-era practices of mass arrests and politically
motivated imprisonment of Muslim Brotherhood leaders will have the worst
possible effect on Egypt's political future," Human Rights Watch said.
"Egypt's new interim president and the military leadership should
immediately end reprisals against Muslim Brotherhood political leaders,
including arrests or travel bans, and should allow the Freedom and Justice
Party to fully exercise freedom of association, the rights group said.
Several Islamist television channels have also been cut, violating
Maha Maamoun, a human rights activist, said there is concern that rights
violations could escalate in the weeks ahead as the army implements steps in
the transitional period.
In a separate move Friday, the African Union suspended Egypt's membership on
the grounds of an unconstitutional change in government.
While Egypt was ruled by a group of generals after Hosni Mubarak was ousted
in 2011, the nation witnessed a spike in the number of military trials for
civilians. In military courts, judges are military officers and basic due
process rights are not respected, rights groups say. Soldiers also killed
protesters, repeatedly broke up demonstrations using force and committed other
human rights crimes.
"We are worried about the military," Maamoun said, noting that
even under Morsi military trials for civilians have continued.
Still, many have cheered the military's role in facilitating Morsi's ouster,
celebrating again Thursday night in Tahrir Square. Morsi's opponents don't view
his overthrow as a coup, but rather a second - or continuing - revolution in
which the army acted on the will of the people.
"It's going to be a transitional phase and (the military) will not
rule," said Amir Dous, who protested against Morsi in the square this
week. "They are here to make it easier for the transition to a democratic
"That's what I believe," he said.
Contributing: Kristen Chick in Cairo. Stanglin, Oren Dorell and Molly
Vorwerck reported from McLean, Va., and Michael Winter from San Francisco.
Sarah Lynch and Doug Stanglin, USA TODAY